During the epidemic period, most people stay at home, reducing the loss of appetite, but remember to eat well. Novel coronavirus pneumonia is an important means for prevention and treatment of diseases, especially for the prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of new crown pneumonia. So, what kind of food can help improve immunity and help the human body win the battle of epidemic prevention?
Nutrition experts recommend 10 kinds of food to boost immunity
Mushrooms are the best. Lentinus edodes, also known as "mountain treasure", is rich in vitamin B group and vitamin D, which can effectively improve immunity, anti-tumor and reduce blood lipid. We can eat more every day.
Mushroom also contains a special "health" ingredients - mushroom polysaccharide. It can inhibit the growth of cancer cells, and has a strong anti-cancer effect.
Radish contains a saccharifying enzyme, which can decompose nitrosamines and lignin in food, and increase the activity of macrophages swallowing cancer cells by two to four times, which can increase the immunity of the body, inhibit the growth of cancer cells, and play an anti-cancer role.
And raw radish can reduce blood fat and cholesterol, and can prevent coronary heart disease, arteriosclerosis and other diseases.
Carrots can be eaten raw with their skin, and can also be mixed with cold dishes, such as sweet and sour shredded radish. Wash the radish, cut it into shreds, put in the right amount of sugar and vinegar, mix well and eat, sweet and sour, refreshing.
Honey has excellent antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic function. The shelf life of high-quality honey can be permanent, so long-term use can improve immunity, prevent bacterial and viral infection, and also has miraculous effect on fatty liver.
4. Baby cabbage
Baby cabbage is a kind of "super Chinese cabbage", but its potassium content is much higher than Chinese cabbage. According to the determination, every 100 grams of baby cabbage contains about 287 mg of potassium, while the same weight of cabbage only contains 130 mg of potassium. Potassium is an important element to maintain neuromuscular stress and normal function. People who often feel tired eat more baby cabbage can have a good regulatory effect.
Common "soup baby dish" is a good practice, can add some Flammulina velutipes, chicken soup to make soup, to improve immunity is also good.
5. Cover vegetable
Also known as mustard. When it comes to folic acid, we all think of spinach. In fact, the folic acid content of mustard is the first among the green leafed vegetables. The content of vitamin C in mustard is second only to cabbage. It also contains flavonoids, sulforaphane and indole, which can prevent cell aging, tumor and cancer, and improve immunity.
Zuo Xiaoxia, director of the Nutrition Department of the 309 Hospital of the Chinese PLA, said that rutin in in jujube can soften blood vessels, while cyclic adenosine monophosphate has the effect of improving immunity and anti-cancer. But jujube is warm food, eat more easy to fire, 3 to 5 per person per day is appropriate.
7. Purple sweet potato
Purple sweet potato contains a lot of mucus protein, which can prevent liver and kidney connective tissue atrophy, improve immunity and prevent collagen disease. Minerals in purple sweet potato play an important role in maintaining and regulating human body function. Contains calcium and magnesium, can prevent osteoporosis.
Banana is rich in vitamin B6, and vitamin B6 has a good effect on enhancing human immunity, it can also prevent skin cancer and bladder cancer. Vitamin B6 can also protect the kidney from stone disease, and has a therapeutic effect on insomnia. Vitamin B6 intake does not need a lot, 2 mg a day is OK, equivalent to the content of 2 bananas.
Besides bananas, foods rich in vitamin B6 include chicken, fish, animal liver, potatoes, pears and sunflower seeds.
Raisin is rich in nutrition and rich in natural fructose, which can quickly supplement energy. Office workers, especially women, can eat a small handful of raisins every day, which is good for relieving cold hands and feet, low back pain, anemia, and improving immunity. In addition, raisins also have effects on lowering cholesterol and dredging the intestine.
Konjac contains a large number of vitamins, plant fiber and a certain amount of mucin protein, which can prevent arteriosclerosis and prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Konjac can also improve the body's immunity, which contains mannan anhydride and good dietary fiber, which can prevent cancer, and can prevent constipation and reduce intestinal absorption of fat.
Konjac can be made into a variety of dishes, such as cold mixed konjac celery, fried konjac peas, konjac egg soup and so on. However, konjac raw food is toxic, must be boiled for about 5 minutes to eat, each time should not be too much.
Ten simple methods to improve immunity were recommended
Occasionally try fasting for a day or two, only drink not to eat, to a certain extent, can play a role in protecting the immune system. Researchers at the University of Southern California found that although fasting can starve some healthy white blood cells in the body, when you start eating again, the number of white blood cells will immediately rise and increase. A Japanese construction company provides employees with the opportunity to cut off food twice a year to promote their health.
2. Listen to music
Music can not only relieve pain and reduce pressure, but also improve the body's immunity. Its effect is even better than the drugs used before operation. People who like to listen to music have more natural killer cells in their bodies, so they are more capable of fighting bacteria, infections and even cancer cells.
3. Regular sex
Having sex at least once every two weeks increases immunoglobulin A levels by 30 percent. Immunoglobulin A (IGA) is a major antibody against infectious immunity, which can prevent pathogens from invading the human body. Depending on hugging each other in bed or watching movies together to kill time can also increase the number of T-cell antibodies that are resistant to disease in the body.
4. Astragalus membranaceus
The use history of traditional Chinese medicine for hundreds of years has proved that Astragalus membranaceus is beneficial to enhance the immune system. Studies have confirmed that as a common dietary supplement, Astragalus has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.
5. Drink coconut oil coffee
Coconut oil is composed of medium chain fatty acids, which can reduce people's dependence on sugar, prevent fat accumulation in the body, and thus accelerate metabolism and improve immunity.
6. Steamed sauna
A study has found that sauna twice a week can halve the risk of catching a cold, but once you get a cold, there is nothing sauna can do to relieve symptoms and shorten recovery time.
7. Tasting green tea
Antioxidants in green tea are not only good "body cleansers", but also important factors to improve immunity. They fight free radicals that cause weakness, stabilize blood pressure and protect the heart.
Studies have found that the transfer of microbes to each other during kissing helps strengthen the immune system, especially for pregnant women.
9. Drink red wine and eat blueberries
The study found that resveratrol and pterostilbene (an antibacterial ingredient) in red wine, blueberries and red grapes, when combined with vitamin D, can build an immune defense line for you, keeping you away from antibiotics and the possible resistance caused by antibiotic abuse.
10. Drink yogurt
One study found that yogurt reduced levels of "bad" cholesterol (LDL) and reduced the risk of urinary tract infections by 47%. Some yoghurt contains probiotics, can greatly improve the body's immunity and disease resistance. The iodine element contained in probiotics can also help regulate and balance the immune function of the thyroid gland.